Debt portfolio and credit ratings
Debt portfolio and credit ratings
In the course of its operations, Gazprom Neft relies on both own funds generated as operating profit and borrowings. When determining the debt to equity ratio within its capital structure, the Company seeks to strike an optimal balance between the total cost of capital, on the one hand, and the long-term financial sustainability, on the other hand.
Key principles of debt portfolio management
The Company adheres to a fairly conservative debt policy. Our debt policy requires that we maintain strong financial sustainability, including such Group’s ratios as Net Debt / EBITDA and Consolidated Financial Debt / Consolidated EBITDA. Under the terms of the Company’s loan agreements, Consolidated Financial Debt / Consolidated EBITDA should not exceed 3,0x. At the end of the reporting period, this ratio was well below the threshold, which is also true for the five-year period preceding the reporting date. Net Debt / EBITDA declined by 38.7% in 2018.
|Net debt / EBITDA||1.44||1.90||1.60||1.19||0.73|
The reporting period saw the Company in full observance with other terms of loan agreements and bond and Eurobond offering memoranda.
To ensure information transparency, Gazprom Neft discloses on its corporate website how it manages the Group’s debt portfolio. During the reporting year, the Company kept this section of its website continuously updated.
Key debt instruments
facilities, local bonds, Eurobonds, and a credit facility guaranteed by the Export Credit Agency (ECA). In addition, the Company raised project financing for a number of transactions. When raising debt, the Company takes into account the specifics of operations being funded and the environment prevailing in debt capital markets. The diversified structure of Gazprom Neft’s debt portfolio makes it possible to maintain a flexible borrowing policy given the volatile debt capital markets.
In 2018, the Group took out loans and borrowings for a total of ₽ 366.5 bn (including short-term borrowings), including:
- follow-on bond offering for ₽ 10.0 bn;
- placement of local bonds for a total of ₽ 25.0 bnThe coupon rate was the lowest one among the Company’s initial bond offerings since inception as well as the lowest one as of the placement date for comparable bond maturities among Russian corporate borrowers with similar ratings (7.20% p. a.).; and
- drawdown of ₽ 331.5 bn (including short-term borrowings) under loan agreements.
In 2018, the Group also repaid ₽ 361.1 bn of outstanding loans and borrowings.
Gazprom Neft continuously works to optimise its debt portfolio structure and profile. In 2018, the Company managed to renegotiate better terms for the existing credit facilities and refinance ₽ 227.8 bn of borrowings ahead of schedule.
As a result of the above borrowings and repayments, changes to the debt of other companies of the Gazprom Neft Group (Naftna Industrija Srbije А.D., Gazpromneft – Moscow Refinery, Gazpromneft Shipping) and the rouble revaluation of FX-denominated borrowings, the debt portfolio of the Gazprom Neft Group increased from ₽ 680.4 bn as at 31 December 2017 to ₽ 775.5 bn as at 31 December 2018. Over the same period, the Group’s net debt / EBITDA decreased drastically due to a much higher operating profit.
Debt portfolio profile
In terms of maturity profile, long-term borrowings dominate the Gazprom Neft Group’s debt portfolio, with their share rising by 25 pp in 2018, which helps minimise the refinancing risk in 2019.
The Group’s FX risk is substantially mitigated by its FX-denominated assets and liabilities as the current mix of revenues and liabilities acts as a hedging mechanism with opposite cash flows offsetting each other. The Group applies a hedge accounting policy to manage volatility in profit and loss with its FX-denominated cash flows. The FX risk of the Group’s debt portfolio was substantially mitigated as rouble-denominated borrowings grew to account for 54.5%.
Debt repayment schedule
Based on Gazprom Neft’s debt repayment schedule, the Company expects to reduce its debt refinancing burden in 2019–2020.
Potential financing instruments in 2019
The Group not only successfully implemented its 2018 Financial Borrowings Programme relying on the most efficient instruments, but also secured its ability to borrow in 2019, having signed loan agreements with a number of banks.
In 2019, the Company plans to keep improving the efficiency of its debt portfolio management choosing the best financing instruments available in the prevailing market environment (including, but not limited to, bonds, bank loans and project financing).
In order to ensure the ability to promptly raise debt in the form of local bonds, the Company registered a multi-currency Exchange-Traded Bond Programme in 2018. The Programme remains in effect for 15 years, enabling the Company to promptly proceed with a bond offering with a maturity of up to 15 years and for a total of the equivalent of ₽ 170 bn, inclusive, if the need arises. In addition, the undrawn limit under the 2015 bond programme amounts to ₽ 5 bn (with a maturity of up to 30 years inclusive).
The Company actively cooperates with the Bond Issuers Committee of the Moscow Exchange with a view to improving the Russian laws and regulations applicable to the securities market which specifically govern the placement and circulation of bonds.
As at the end of February 2019, Gazprom Neft’s credit ratings were all investment grade or higher:
- Standard & Poor’s upgraded its rating to BBB− with a stable outlook in February 2018; and
- Moody’s upgraded its rating to Baa2 changing the outlook to stable in February 2019.
Investor and shareholder relations
The Company regularly holds conference calls for investors with the participation of its senior management. In addition, Gazprom Neft publishes its quarterly Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations as an appendix to the Group’s IFRS financial statements. The Databook and Datafeed reference guides are also published to provide more details on the Company’s operations.
To ensure maximum transparency, Gazprom Neft holds meetings with investors and shareholders and takes part in all major investment and broker conferences on a regular basis. Each year, the Company holds its Investor Day attended by senior management where analysts and investors from investment companies can get first-hand answers to all of their questions.
Site visits are often held at the Company’s upstream and downstream facilities to keep investors and analysts updated on the latest developments.
Information on the Company’s operations is part of all industry reports, with Gazprom Neft’s results being covered approximately ten quarterly reports. Analysts assess the information disclosed during conference calls generally as positive or market neutral. All irregular and unpredictable events affecting its results are discussed with analysts.
|Positive factors||Negative or neutral factors|
| || |
| || |
| || |
|BrokerCreditService|| ||22 February 2019||Buy||493|
|VTB Capital||Dmitry Lukashov||22 February 2019||Sell||308|
|Gazprombank||Evgenia Dyshlyuk||22 February 2019||Buy||459|
|Sberbank||Andrey Gromadin||22 February 2019||Buy||459|
|Bank of America ML||Karen Kostanian||22 February 2019||Buy||419|
|Sova Capital||Mitchell Jennings||22 February 2019||Buy||408|
|Aton||Alexander Kornilov||22 February 2019||Buy||446|
|Raiffeisen||Andrey Polishchuk||22 February 2019||Buy||425|
|Renaissance Capital||Alexander Burgansky||22 February 2019||Hold||350|
|Goldman Sachs||Heydar Mamedov||22 February 2019||Buy||446|